Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a man of great vision and talent. Born on 9 November, 1877, in Sialkot, he was a poet, philosopher, lawmaker, and also a political thinker. He has written in verse as well as prose form in Urdu and Persian, and has contributed extensively to Pakistani literature. Allama Iqbal was initially a staunch supporter of a united nation of Muslims and Hindus, though later he went on to preach the need for a separate Muslim state as an independent entity.
Allama Iqbal's works, poetry as well as prose, talk about the need for a revival in Islam through the concepts of individual freedom, self-development, and integrity. His vision of an independent Muslim state of Pakistan was realized in his lifetime, as he passed away in 1938. However, for his thoughts, his works, and his political and religious vision, he is considered symbolically the father of Pakistan. His contributions to the entire Muslim world have been outstanding, as has been his interpretation of Islamic thoughts and principles. He is also often referred to, because of his poetry, as Shayar-e-Mashriq or Poet of the East.
Allama Iqbal is the national poet of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. He has played an important part in the partition of Pakistan.
He gave the idea of independent Country for Muslims by combination of Muslim majority areas in the sub-continent. Allama Iqbal is considered to be the national poet of Pakistan. The reason is that he not only gave the idea of Pakistan but also through his poetry awakened the Muslims. The poetry of Allama Iqbal motivated the Muslims to raise their voice for their right. He inserted a new spirit in all Muslims. He was a great philosopher and a true Muslim.
He was the one who convinced Quaid-e-Azam (Father of Pakistan) to come back to Pakistan from United Kingdom in early 1930's. He died before the partition of Sub-Continent and was not able to witness the Independence Day. Quiad-e-Azam later with his leadership qualities achieved his goal. He turned the dream of Allama Iqbal in the reality. Allama Iqbal was given a status of "Sir" but British. He was a genius who completed his PHD in very short time. His poetry and Philosophy is still read by many and is considered as a guide.