Technological development is having its impact on the society as well as on its educational system and culture. It is believed that the mechanization process has immensely affected our attitudes, beliefs and philosophies. This impact on making oscillates between extremely positive to extremely negative. While the positive effects are as obvious as they have opened new vistas of excitement, discovery, entertainment, communications and education. The dangerous implication of these developments equally abhorring. The so called developed countries now possess an arsenal of warfare devices which can destroy the entire mankind in a matter of hours. Prospects for scientific development are exalting. Impressive and at the same time terrifying. The challenge lies with our generation to maximize the advantages of scientific and technological advancement and to minimize its possible harmful effects.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Having studied the predominant role which technological development is playing in social economic and cultural development of a country let us now concentrate on education.
The enrichment of science and technology education through primary, secondary, technical and higher education is essential to produce the manpower which is required to man the specialized positions in both the public and the private sectors. The supply of manpower through educational institutions must correspond in quantity and quality to the jobs being offered by the national economy. This requires a very systematic manpower planning because production of one additional Ph.D in a specialized subject like micro-Biology may cost the nation around half a million rupees, while the production of one MBBS doctor or an engineer may cost around 400,000 rupees. If each one they are not absorbed in the national economy, one may imagine the colossal loss which a developing country like ours will have to bear because of unplanned supply of gradustes in various fields of specialization.